(b) improving the ability to adapt to the negative effects of climate change and promoting resilience to climate change and the development of low greenhouse gas emissions so as not to endanger food production; At the 2011 UN Climate Change Conference, the Durban Platform (and the ad hoc working group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) were created to negotiate a legal instrument to mitigate climate change from 2020. The resulting agreement is expected to be adopted in 2015.  Since the Kyoto Protocol came into force, the mechanism for environmentally friendly development has been criticized because, in most cases, it has not brought significant emission reductions or benefits for sustainable development.  It has also suffered from low prices from Certified Emission Reductions (REFs), which has reduced project demand. These criticisms have motivated the recommendations of various interest groups who, through working groups and reports, have provided new elements that they hope to see in the MDS that will support their success.  Details of the governance structure, the terms of the project proposal and the comprehensive approach should be detailed at the conference of the parties to be held in Marrakech in 2016. [must update] Although the United States and Turkey are not parties to the agreement, as they have not indicated their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue to be required, as an “Annex 1” country under the UNFCCC, to end national communications and establish an annual inventory of greenhouse gases.  Throughout his tenure, President Trump has promoted the U.S. domestic fossil fuel industry to ensure energy security.
No other nation has announced that it is following Trump and will abandon the Paris agreement. The Democratic candidates for president of the United States all want to join us. The alliance of small island states and least developed countries, whose economies and livelihoods are most affected by the negative effects of climate change, has taken the initiative to address losses and damage as a particular theme of the Paris Agreement.  However, developed countries were concerned that looking at the issue as a separate issue that goes beyond adaptation would create additional climate funding or imply legal responsibility for catastrophic climate events. While mitigation and adjustment require more climate funding, adjustment has generally received less support and has mobilized fewer private sector actions.  A 2014 OECD report showed that in 2014, only 16% of the world`s financial resources were devoted to adaptation to climate change.  The Paris Agreement called for a balance between climate finance between adaptation and mitigation, highlighting in particular the need to strengthen support for adaptation from the parties most affected by climate change, including least developed countries and small island developing states. The agreement also reminds the parties of the importance of public subsidies, as adjustment measures receive less public sector investment.  John Kerry, as Secretary of State, announced that the United States would double its grant-based adjustment funding by 2020.
 Prior to the Paris meeting, the United Nations instructed countries to present detailed plans on how they intend to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.