If you are seconded to the UK from an EEA country or Switzerland, please read what happens if I am a seconded worker from the EU, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein or Switzerland?. The answers to the following questions assume that you are from a non-EEA/Switzerland country with which the UK has a bilateral social security agreement. As a general rule, you pay social security contributions in the EEA country where you work instead of social security. This means that Australia currently has 31 bilateral international social security agreements. If you are normally self-employed in a country with a valid social security contract with the UK and you will also be self-employed in the UK, you may not have to pay UK NIC. Instead, you can stay in your home country. If you can, you will not have to pay social security contributions in the country where you work. Find out which non-EU countries the UK has agreements on national insurance and entitlement to benefits. Migrants who are sent to the UK from a country with which the UK has a mutual social security agreement (sometimes referred to as a “double convention” or “totalisation agreement”) in the UK may not be required to pay NIC in accordance with the terms of the specific agreement. The countries with which the United Kingdom has such agreements are listed above. There is a list of countries with which the UK has GOV.UK social security agreements. You can contact the International Pension Centre for more information on the situation when you enter such a country.
If you work in another country because of coronavirus (COVID-19), you will continue to pay social security contributions or, as usual, UK national insurance – unless you are told something else. If you have any questions, please contact HMRC or the social security service in the country in which you work. You can continue to pay social insurance if you stay abroad for up to 2 years. This means that you do not have to pay social security contributions abroad. The list of countries that have a mutual agreement with the United Kingdom has been updated. If you retire abroad, you can continue to collect your UK state pension. You can benefit from an annual pension increase if you live in a European Economic Area (EEA) country or in a country that has a social security agreement with the UK. Migrants sent to Britain on behalf of a country with which the UK has a bilateral social security agreement may not be required to pay social security contributions (NICs) in accordance with the terms of the agreement. We`ll explain below.
Under these agreements, Australia equates social security periods/stays in these countries with periods of Australian residence in order to meet minimum qualification periods for Australian pensions.